Route of Atalayas Defensivas de Granada

Watchtowers or watchtowers are a type of fortification used both in Islamic and Christian times, throughout European territory. I differ from other types of towers in that their primary use was military; and between the military or defensive towers it is distinguished in that it is usually of isolated structure. Its main objective is to provide a high and safe place from which to conduct surveillance and make military observations.

Towards century VIII after the entrance to the Iberian Peninsula of the troops of Tariq ibn Ziyad and Musa ibn Nusayr, this one will undergo an important process of social, cultural, ideological, political transformation, etc. thus being definitively integrated into the Arab world.

During the early years, the first Arab settlers fostered warlike confrontations between the indigenous tribes that until then inhabited that territory, which took refuge in the highest areas, sometimes building defensive buildings on which the Muslim settlers would settle later. and they will build their own, although of a greater dimension and constructive complexity.

With the arrival of Abd al Rahmn III and the proclamation of the Caliphate of Cordoba, the Arab state is consolidated as a social, political and territorial organic structure. From this moment, the castles will become not only structures with an exclusively defensive function and control of the territory, but they will exert an important symbolic function as identity elements of the power of the State.

The defensive territorial system initiated from the arrival of the Arabs to the peninsula will continue to be reinforced over the years in the different kingdoms of al-Andalus and having in the concrete case of the kingdom of Granada its time of greatest splendor during its last reign, the Nazari Kingdom of Granada, whose monarchs will maintain the complex defensive system of the kingdom of Granada up to the last moment in its struggle against Christian incursions.

The last Nazarí border, after the capture of Priego de Córdoba, Rute and Alcalá la Real will be established in the defensive arch formed by the fortresses of Montefrío, Íllora, Moclín and Colomera.

These municipalities that will make up the last frontier, after the Christian conquest in the 15th century, were repopulated by new Christians and Mudejars, becoming part of the so-called Seven Villas of the Kingdom of Granada (Colomera, Guadahortuna, Illora, Iznalloz, Moclín, Montefrío and Montejícar) which, of an excecional agrarian wealth, would supply the capital with basic products such as cereals, oil or meat.

Likewise, during these periods there was the rescue and exchange of captives, which led to the creation of a specialized lay professional body called alfaqueques, whose fundamental mission was to maintain peace or achieve truces. In this same way, another series of political personalities was created, the so-called mayors between Moors and Christians or "mayors among the kings" al-qadi bayna-l-muluk.

 

MARTIN Mariano
MALPICA Antonio
GONZALES Jiménez

Geolocalización Puntos de interés

pointsof interest

Information about the different points of interest, discover its location and visit it.

Turret of Sierra Elvira

Belonging to the last line of communication and defense that reached the capital of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada is one of the most slender watchtowers preserved.

Turret of Chopo

Its main function was to control the passage of the Colomera River that leads from the mountains and ports with Jaén to the Vega de Granada.

Turret of Mingoandrés

It controlled the passage of Puerto Lope, one of the main access roads to Illora, Montefrio and of course to Granada, allowing to control the passage to the Castle of Moclín.

Turret of Solana

This tower is integrated into the defensive mechanism created around the Castle of Moclín.

Turret of Soto de Roma

Presents a rectangular plant of 9.45 x 7.10 m. and a height of 11.30 m. with slightly truncated pyramidal growth

Turret of Deifontes (Cogollos de la Vega)

The Deifontes tower is located at a strategic point to control the passage to the capital from Iznalloz and Jaén.

Castle of Íllora

The castle of Illora rises in the middle of the valley surrounded by lofty mountain ranges and from where the terrain descends from the vicinity of Puerto Lope to Alomartes

Castle of Moclin

The castle of Moclín opens space between the mountain ranges of Tozar and Moclín putting in communication in narrow valley of the intrabético furrow with the valley of the Guadalquivir

Porqueriza Tower

It covered the passage from Tózar to Moclín.

Castle Lachar

Construction of the 19th century executed by the Duke of San Pedro de Glatino on what must have been an old alqueria tower and the wall of its albacara.

Turret of Bordonal

Built with mud walls of earth and lime. Preserves plasters of lime on its outer walls.

Turret of Agrón

Defensive watchtower that guarded the pass that connects Málaga with Granada from the Quempe region.

Turret of Encantada

It is located in Cerro de la Encantada on the Genil river, in Bracana (Illora), at an altitude of 635 m.s.n.m.

Turret of Clementino

Integrated into a private home on Calle de la Torre in Tocón (Illora) at an altitude of 558 m.s.n.m. At about 9.5 km. of Illora.

Turret of Molino

It controlled the passage of Guadahortuna-Jodar.

Castle of Colomera

It controlled to the south the whole of the valley arriving to reach vision of the capital of Granada, its meadow and the watchtower tower of Albolote.

Castle of Montejícar

The Castle of Montejícar is located on a hill from which the town dominates

Doors and walls (Santa Fé)

The camp of the Catholic Monarchs had a rectangular plan and was formed by two perpendicular streets, wide, in the Roman style, in the shape of a cross, which had different houses.

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