Castle of Moclin

Historic context
The castle of Moclín opens the space between the Tozar and Moclín mountain ranges, putting the valley of the Intrabética furrow in communication with the valley of the Guadalquivir. Place of great value for the time when the border is astralno nazarí, spreading from the lands of Alcalá la Real, the city of Granada and its Vega. In the year 1341, it will become a medieval fortress forming part of the first defensive line of the articulated system of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada. Allow control of the passage of the river Frailes or Velillos. The defensive system of this fortress is supported by other minor constructions distributed by the surrounding territory, a set of watchtowers necessary to control the steps that remained in the dead angles such as the tower of the Porqueriza or Tozar to the east; de la Solana and Mingoandrés, which exercised control of the pass of Puerto Lope, from where there was connection with Alcalá la Real and to the west with Illora; of the Hen and the Table, they closed the way towards Illora; and other farmhouses of which there are no remains.

Description
The castle of Moclín is one of the best conservators of the fortress village type of the west of Granada. It is articulated around two walled enclosures clearly differentiated from each other: The first of them, crowning the hill would be the one destined to alcazaba. This is surrounded by a double line of wall on its southern side towards the town and a barbican or simple wall, on the side facing Alcalá la Real. The second enclosure, inferior, would be the villa, that adapted to the land presents a wall in the form of rack and some semicircular towers lengthened.

Location
On a rocky spur he rises to 1,117 m.s.
Chronology
Castle of Arabic chronology, ss. XIII-XV.

Protection
Protected B.I.C. Monument by the Decree of June 3, 1931 (Gaceta of June 4, 1931).

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