Castle of Íllora

Historic context
The castle of Illora rises in the middle of the valley surrounded by lofty mountain ranges and from where the land descends from the vicinity of Puerto Lope to Alomartes and from there begins to enter the Vega de Granada. The investigations tell us that this was able to start its use from the Caliphate period and continued during the reign of Taifas, until the final capture of Illora in 1486. ​​During the Nazari Illora period it was reinforced as a military space because of its important location, since it allowed the passage towards Loja and Montefrío. This reinforcement campaign owes many of the watchtowers and towers that we know (Tocón, Brácana ...) This fortified enclosure is articulated like other Islamic castles by an important settlement based on agricultural production (orchards, irrigated land, cereals ...) and livestock, with several farmhouses scattered in the territory (Example: Escóznar ...).

Description
The fortification is articulated in three different enclosures defended by high vertical pits that make this an impregnable enclosure. The citadel rises in the highest part to which are followed in descending order, the area of ​​the village on the northern slope and the third and last site that should have been a suburb on the southern slope. The alcazaba or place of residence of the authorities is articulated around a perimeter with towers inside which two cisterns of different dimensions are conserved. This one was communicated with the town by means of a door located in the Eastern side.

Location
It rises to 793 m.s.n.m. in a rocky spur in the middle of the current municipality, belonging to the Sierra de Parapanda.

Chronology
Castle of Arabic chronology, ss. XIII-XV.

Protection
Protected B.I.C. Monument for the Law 16/1985 of Spanish Historical Heritage, in application of the Decree of 1949 on protection of Spanish Castles.

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